Coronavirus cure and precautionary measuresAleesha Saleeha
March 27, 2020
The number of proven cases of coronavirus in-country is constantly increasing. The concern grows and the people tend to rush to pharmacies to equip themselves with respiratory masks and hydroalcoholic solutions, which leads to shortages.
What are the barrier gestures to follow to protect you from the virus? Can contamination be through food? How long does the virus survive on different surfaces? The Beloved body care talks about preventive measures against the coronavirus.
How to protect against coronavirus
- Wash your hands well, the first barrier gesture
- Hydroalcoholic gel, an ally in the face of epidemics
- The mask, in some cases only
- Don’t touch your face
- Clean common surfaces and objects regularly
- How long does the virus survive on surfaces?
- Avoid close contact
- Avoid crowded places, especially hospitals
- Can we be contaminated by food?
Wash your hands well, the first barrier gesture
As with any epidemic, a regular and effective hand washing is essential to reduce the risk of contamination.
According to the recommendations of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health regarding Coronavirus, to wash well it is recommended to:
- Pass them underwater;
- Soap them preferably with liquid soap then rub them for 30 seconds;
- A thorough wash should include the nails, fingertips, palms, and outside of the hands, knuckles and wrists;
- Rinse them with clean water;
- Dry your hands on a clean towel or in the open air.
Hydroalcoholic gel, an ally in the face of epidemics
In the absence of water and soap, use an alcoholic gel to clean your hands. The rules are the same; the gesture is to be repeated whenever necessary. The gel is just as effective as washing with soap and water.
It is one of the best ways to prevent Coronavirus.
The mask, in some cases only
Since the beginning of the epidemic, pharmacies have been faced with an increased demand for respiratory masks, many of which have found them out of stock. In reality, this reflex is not useful for protecting oneself from illness.
The wearing of this type of mask by the non-sick population in order to avoid catching the Coronavirus is not part of the recommended barrier measures and its effectiveness has not been demonstrated.
In fact, wearing a mask is useful not to spread the disease through the postilions (coughing, sneezing), but not to avoid catching it.
In addition, in the event of prolonged contact with a contaminated person, these paper masks do not offer sufficiently effective protection, in particular, because they allow unfiltered air to pass through.
There are then respiratory protection masks (type FFP2), equipped with a device for filtering dust and pathogens. They are indicated for people in contact with sick people, to avoid contaminating nurses or doctors who care for them, according to the ministry. Gloves and protective glasses are also provided for the latter.
Don’t touch your face
In general and particularly during an epidemic, avoid putting your hands to your nose, mouth or even your eyes as much as possible. The hands may have been in contact with contaminated surfaces.
Clean common surfaces and objects regularly
A study published March 4 in the American journal JAMA showed that patients with the virus contaminated their bedroom and bathroom. To avoid the spread of the virus, strict hygiene is essential.
Indeed, scientists have shown that if environmental contamination was a potential means of transmission, the virus did not survive cleaning with a disinfectant for everyday use, carried out twice a day.
National Center for Infectious Diseases in Singapore
The study was conducted by researchers from the National Center for Infectious Diseases in Singapore and the DSO National Laboratories. From late January to early February, they examined the rooms of three patients kept in isolation. They tested one of the rooms before daily cleaning and the other two after disinfection measures.
For the first room, the patient had a simple cough, while the other two showed more severe symptoms with cough, fever, shortness of breath for one and sputum of pulmonary mucus for the other.
The result, on 15 surfaces analyzed, the first patient had contaminated 13, including his chair, bed, window and floor. In his bathroom, 3 surfaces were found to be contaminated out of the 5 tested, including his sink and bowl. This suggests that stool is a route of transmission.
The air samples from his room were negative, while those taken from his ventilation grilles were positive. Contaminated droplets can, therefore, be transported by air flows.
However, the other two chambers tested after being cleaned showed no signs of the virus.
During an epidemic and to minimize the risk of contamination, keep your home clean and tidy by regularly cleaning all surfaces. You can use soapy water or white vinegar. The virus can remain on objects.
The best is to use bleach to disinfect its interior, adds the president of the French Society of Emergency Medicine. It is also advisable to regularly wash the household linen and to think of cleaning the objects which you use and handle every day like your mobile phone for example. Also, remember to ventilate regularly to renew the air.
How long does the virus survive on surfaces?
According to a study published by American researchers in the review of pre-duplication MedRxiv, the virus could survive elsewhere than in the human body and its lifespan would vary according to the contaminated surface:
- 3h in the air;
- 24h on cardboard;
- 3 days maximum on plastic and steel;
- 4 days on wood;
- 5 days on the glass.
This study has yet to be confirmed by the scientific community. It is also too early to know if these particles remain contagious.
Avoid close contact
The coronavirus is transmitted by the postilions, notably through coughing and sneezing. Close contact is now considered necessary for the transmission of the virus. It is recommended to limit close human contact.
Avoid crowded places, especially hospitals
To limit the risks of being exposed to the virus, it is recommended to avoid crowded places and gatherings, which are now prohibited if they exceed 100 people. Hospitals are also to be avoided as much as possible for obvious reasons
How to protect against coronavirus at work?
Since the start of the epidemic, employers must remember the rules of hygiene and make available to employees means of protection such as hydro alcoholic gel and masks if necessary.
If an employee poses a risk of contamination, he should no longer go to his workplace and remain in quarantine at home. A decree published on February 1, 2020, in the Official Journal cancels the waiting period for non-sick insured persons, compensation will, therefore, be paid from the first day of absence.
The notice of work interruption must be provided by a doctor from the Regional Health Agency. These measures also apply to parents whose child is the subject of an isolation measure and who cannot have him looked after and must, therefore, remain at their home.
With the transition to stage 3 during the night of March 14 to 15, all public places such as restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and non-essential businesses are now closed.
For workers, partial unemployment measures are put in place and teleworking should be favored as soon as possible. To find out more, read our article Coronavirus: quarantine and compensation, how does it work?
Can we be contaminated by food?
The World Health Organization includes among its recommendations to avoid consuming animal products when they are raw or undercooked. This precautionary measure is justified because meat, fish, and milk when they are eaten raw, present a higher risk of contamination.
If you have to go to markets, be sure to respect the rules of hygiene when handling food.